Fair Value Measurement
|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|Fair Value Measurement||
Fair Value Measurement
The Company measures certain financial assets and liabilities at fair value on a recurring basis. Fair value is a market-based measurement that should be determined using assumptions that market participants would use in pricing an asset or liability. The Company establishes a three-level hierarchy to prioritize the inputs used in measuring fair value. The levels are described in the below with level 1 having the highest priority and level 3 having the lowest:
Level 1 - Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets
Level 2 - Inputs other than the quoted prices in active markets that are observable either directly or indirectly
Level 3 - Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the Company to develop its own assumptions
The following table provide a summary of the assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of December 31, 2017 and 2016 (in thousands):
(1) Investments in equity securities, are classified as level 1 as the fair value is determined using quoted market prices in active markets for the same securities. Short-term investments in marketable securities with maturities greater than 90 days are classified as level 2 of the fair value hierarchy, as these investment securities are valued based upon quoted prices for identical or similar instruments in markets that are not active, and model-based valuation techniques for which all significant assumptions are observable in the market.
(2) The fair value of the convertible note receivable from Viking at December 31, 2017 approximates the book value since the contractual maturity date was within five months from the end of 2017, and there is no plan to extend the maturity date. The fair value at December 31, 2016 was determined using a probability weighted option pricing model. The fair value is subjective and is affected by certain significant input to the valuation model such as the estimated volatility of the common stock, which was estimated to be 75% at December 31, 2016. Changes in these assumptions may materially affect the fair value estimate. For the years ended December 31, 2017, December 31, 2016, and December 31, 2015, the Company reported an increase in the fair value of 0.9 million, a decrease in the fair value $0.2 million, and $0.8 million, respectively in "Other, net" of the consolidated statement of operations.
(3) Investment in warrants, which the Company received as a result of Viking’s partial repayment of the Viking note receivable and the Company’s purchase of Viking common stock and warrants in April 2016, is classified as level 1 as the fair value is determined using quoted market prices in active markets for the same securities.
(4) The fair value of CyDex contingent liabilities was determined based on the income approach using a Monte Carlo analysis. The fair value is subjective and is affected by changes in inputs to the valuation model including management’s assumptions regarding revenue volatility, probability of commercialization of products, estimates of timing and probability of achievement of certain developmental and regulatory milestones. Changes in these assumptions can materially affect the fair value.
The following table represents significant unobservable inputs used in determining the fair value of contingent liabilities assumed in the acquisition of CyDex:
(5) The liability for CVRs for Metabasis is determined using quoted market prices in a market that is not active for the underlying CVR.
(6) The liability for amounts owed to a former licensor is determined using quoted market prices in active markets for the underlying investment received from a partner, a portion of which is owed to a former licensor.
(7) The fair value of Crystal contingent liabilities was determined using a probability weighted income approach. Most of the contingent payments are based on development or regulatory milestones as defined in the merger agreement with Crystal. The fair value is subjective and is affected by changes in inputs to the valuation model including management’s estimates regarding the timing and probability of achievement of certain developmental and regulatory milestones. At December 31, 2017, most of the development and regulatory milestones were estimated to be highly probable of being achieved between 2018 and 2020. Changes in these estimates may materially affect the fair value.
A reconciliation of the level 3 financial instruments as of December 31, 2017 is as follows (in thousands):
Other Fair Value Measurements-2019 Convertible Senior Notes
In August 2014, the Company issued the 2019 Convertible Senior Notes. The Company uses a quoted market rate in an inactive market, which is classified as a Level 2 input, to estimate the current fair value of its 2019 Convertible Senior Notes. The estimated fair value of the 2019 Senior Convertible Notes was $446.4 million as of December 31, 2017. The carrying value of the notes does not reflect the market rate. See Note 7 Financing Arrangements for additional information.
The Company records its investment in Viking under the equity method of accounting. The investment is subsequently adjusted for the Company’s share of Viking's operating results, and if applicable, cash contributions and distributions. See Note 2 Investment in Viking for additional information. The market value of the Company's investment in Viking was $25.6 million as of December 31, 2017.
The entire disclosure for financial instruments. This disclosure includes, but is not limited to, fair value measurements of short and long term marketable securities, international currencies forward contracts, and auction rate securities. Financial instruments may include hedging and non-hedging currency exchange instruments, derivatives, securitizations and securities available for sale at fair value. Also included are investment results, realized and unrealized gains and losses as well as impairments and risk management disclosures.
No definition available.