Exhibit 21.1

LIGAND PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED

LIST OF SUBSIDIARIES

 

Name

   Jurisdiction of Incorporation     

Glycomed Incorporated

   California   

Allergan Ligand Retinoid Therapeutics, Inc.

   Delaware   

Ligand Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.

   Delaware   

Ligand JVR, Inc.

   Delaware   

Seragen Incorporated

   Delaware   

Seragen Technology, Inc.

   Delaware   

Pharmacopeia, LLC

   Delaware   

Metabasis Therapeutics, Inc.

   Delaware   

Neurogen Corporation

   Delaware