|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
|Business Combination and Asset Acquisition [Abstract]|
On September 27, 2023, we closed the transaction to acquire certain assets of Novan, Inc. (“Novan”) pursuant to the agreement we entered into with Novan on July 17, 2023 for $15.0 million in cash (which agreement contemplated Novan filing for bankruptcy relief) and provide up to $15.0 million in debtor-in-possession (“DIP”) financing inclusive of a $3.0 million bridge loan funded on the same day. Novan filed for Chapter 11 reorganization on July 17, 2023. On September 27, 2023, the bankruptcy court approved our $12.2 million bid to purchase from Novan its lead product candidate berdazimer gel, 10.3%, all other assets related to the NITRICIL technology platform and the rights to one commercial stage asset. The remaining commercial assets of Novan will be sold to other parties. The approved $12.2 million bid was credited to the $15.0 million DIP financing, with the balance of $2.8 million and accrued interest repaid to us.
The acquisition was accounted for as business combination. We recorded $3.3 million of acquisition-related costs for legal, due diligence and other costs in connection with the acquisition within operating expenses in our condensed consolidated statement of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2023.
The following table sets forth an allocation of the preliminary purchase price to the identifiable tangible and intangible assets acquired and liabilities assumed, with the excess recorded to goodwill (in thousands):
Acquired intangible assets of $17.6 million related to core technology. The fair value of the core technology was based on the discounted cash flow method that estimated the present value of the potential royalties, milestones, and collaboration revenue streams derived from the licensing of the related technologies. These projected cash flows were discounted to present value using a discount rate of 29%. The fair value of the core technology is being amortized on a straight-line basis over the estimated useful life of 15 years.
Acquired other liabilities of $20.5 million related to a royalty and milestone payments purchase agreement, entered by Novan in 2019 and assumed as part of the acquisition, which previously provided Novan $25.0 million of funding used primarily in the clinical development of berdazimer gel, 10.3%. Pursuant to the purchase agreement, Novan will pay ongoing quarterly payments, calculated based on an applicable percentage per product of any upfront fees, milestone payments, royalty payments or equivalent payments received by Novan pursuant to any out-license agreement, net of any upfront fees, milestone payments, royalty payments or equivalent payments paid by Novan to third parties pursuant to any agreements under which Novan has in-licensed intellectual property with respect to such products. If Novan decides to commercialize any product on its own following regulatory approval, as opposed to commercializing through an out-license agreement or other third-party arrangement, Novan will be obligated to pay a low single digits royalty on net sales of such products. This contract liability was fair valued based on the discounted cash flow method that estimated the present value of the potential royalties, milestones, and collaboration revenue streams derived from the related programs mentioned above, by applying a discount rate of 9.6% (our estimated rate of borrowing).
The estimated fair values of assets acquired, liabilities assumed and purchased intangibles are provisional. Specifically, the provisional amounts include estimated projections on the completion of the clinical development process and projected revenue related to commercializing products based on the underlying technology. The accounting for these amounts falls within the measurement period and, therefore, we may adjust these provisional amounts to reflect new information obtained about facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef