Exhibit 21.1

LIGAND PHARMACEUTICALS INCORPORATED

LIST OF SUBSIDIARIES

 

Name    Jurisdiction of Incorporation

Glycomed Incorporated

   California

Allergan Ligand Retinoid Therapeutics, Inc.

   Delaware

Ligand Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.

   Delaware

Ligand JVR, Inc.

   Delaware

Seragen Incorporated

   Delaware

Seragen Technology, Inc.

   Delaware

Pharmacopeia, LLC

   Delaware

Metabasis Therapeutics, Inc.

   Delaware

Neurogen Corporation

   Delaware

CyDex Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

   Delaware